فارسی | Tuesday, 23 October , 2018

Renewable energy

Renewable Energy Industry

With the expansion of industries and increased public welfare, human need for energy, especially in the form of electricity, is increasing every day. It is now possible to say that many of the human life affairs related to energy supply that is usable for machines, appliances and different devices. Energy supply by its traditional method is done through the burning of fossil resources. These methods have many disadvantages: the amount of pollution is very high, and on the other hand, these resources are coming to an end. When they are finished, if we do not plan to replace them, we will surely have an energy crisis that will have a direct impact on the industries, business and even the daily lives of people. Therefore, renewable energies that are at the top of them solar energy, wind energy, and biomass energies, are considered. Therefore, in addition to the warning signal that the end of world storage of fossil energy sources has sounded, in general, there are many causes and factors, such as environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels, rising fossil fuels prices and rapid progress in energy recovery technologies, has made it important for the various countries of the world, especially the advanced industrialized countries, renewable energy source have a special significance. According to the predictions of credible institutions and related companies, renewable energy sources, especially solar energy, will be the major source of energy generation in the world in 2100. Meanwhile, our country, on the one hand, has a significant potential for wind and solar energy as two major sources of renewable electricity. Iran has at least 7 air corridors with very high exploitation standards for wind power in the world, one of the most demanded countries with sustainable wind energy sources in the world, On the other hand, it is located on the belt of solar energy and has wide open deserts and areas with around 3300 hours of direct and effective solar radiation throughout the year, There is a very good potential in this regard, but so far no proper utilization of these resources has been achieved, and the total amount of electricity produced by active and operational solar and wind power plants is currently less than 150 megawatts. Therefore, this field is one of the major aspects of the activities of the Microelectronics Research Institute.


 

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